Diabetic eye diseases are a group of eye conditions or health risks that can affect those with diabetes. These conditions include diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema, as well as an increased risk of developing cataracts or glaucoma.
When unmonitored or untreated, high blood sugar levels can damage tiny blood vessels in the eye and cause irreparable damage. This condition is called Diabetic Retinopathy.
Another common diabetic eye condition is Diabetic Macular Edema (DME). This condition occurs when fluid builds up on the macula, a region of the retina. This is one of the most common causes of vision loss or blindness in people with diabetic retinopathy. When the macula is affected by DME, straight-ahead vision may be compromised, causing difficulty during activities such as reading, driving, or watching TV.
Fortunately, diabetic eye conditions can be managed very successfully, preventing future vision loss or damage. Early detection and treatment is the key, however, making it very important for people with diabetes to see their eye care physician regularly.
Some information for this article was taken from National Eye Institute research, and can be found here.